About Microalgae production
The most productive source of ‘fresh’ oil is green algae, microscopic water living organisms, which capture sunlight and store it as oil .
Algal biofuels have been used to power jet aircraft as well as trucks, cars, ships and railway locomotives.
One ton biomass of microalgae sequestered 1.8 ton CO2. It can also be used to manufacture fertilizers, chemicals, textiles, biodegradable plastics, paper and other industrial products.
Currently biofuels is obtained oil seed and bio ethanol from sugar, grain and corn. However this kind of biofuel has strongly criticized because vegetable oils and corn require cultivation of crops, which involves long extension of lands; in this sense biofuel production encourage competition for the land and agriculture water, as well as for the final use of cultivated crops.
Oil yield per area of microalgae culture greatly exceed the yield of best oil seed crops.
Microalgae can be cultivated in seawater on non-arable, and do not compete for resources conventional agriculture.
Secondly the increases of world energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions have been concerning all sectors since last decades. The individual is realizing that both have harmful effects over the environment and human being.
Microalgae have been considered as a potential source for CO2 capture and biofuels production. CO2 capture and bio – oil based algae production, and demonstrate an algae system capable of reducing CO2emissions, microalgae biomass production may be combined with direct bio fixation of waste CO2 in the value of 1.8 KG of algal biomass.